Comparison of Transitional Theories to Post-Scarcity in Science-Fiction Literature

  • Michal Mizerák Male


Scarcity, or limited resources, is the fundamental economic problem the humanity faces continuously. Without it, economics would be meaningless. Science-fiction literature however already depicts societies where abundance is becoming persistent feature in the economic structures. Are there any meaningful and relevant ideas which economics can imply from the transmission of economies to post-scarcity in science-fiction literature? This paper touches on ideas of some of the most elaborated economies transforming to post-scarcity in science-fiction genre since 1910s by identifying if the multiple-born source of scarcity (namely labour and primary resources) have been eradicated, naturally questioning the existence of medium of exchange - money.
Results of the paper suggest that even though the society looks like it had achieved post-scarcity, it is still experiencing scarcity and uses a medium of exchange to redistribute resource. This implies that these theories rather depict a socialistic utopia than a fully emerged post-scarcity society, even in the most progressive novels scarcity rarely still occurs.